Technical and fundamental analysis are the primary methods of stock selection. Both have pros and cons, so it’s essential to understand both before making decisions.
Technical analysis is a method of evaluating stocks by analysing past price data and trends. This approach can help predict future stock prices but doesn’t give any insight into a company’s underlying fundamentals.
Fundamental analysis evaluates stocks by examining a company’s financial statement and other key indicators. This approach can better understand a company’s actual value, but it can be challenging to predict future stock prices using this method alone.
These analyses work best when you use them in conjunction.
To conduct fundamental analysis, you’ll want to start by looking at a company’s financial statement. It will give you a sense of the company’s overall health and profitability. You can find this information on the company’s website or through a financial statement analysis service like Morningstar.
Once you have the financial statement, you’ll want to look at key indicators like:
- Earnings per share (EPS)
- Price to earnings ratio (P/E Ratio)
- Dividend yield
These indicators will give you an idea of how profitable the company is, how much it’s growing, and how expensive it is relative to its earnings. EPS and P/E ratios are essential when comparing companies in the same industry.
You’ll also want to look at the company’s debt. A high debt load can be a risk factor, especially significant if interest rates rise.
Once you’ve reviewed a company’s financials, you’ll want to research its management team and business model. You can ask yourself questions like: are they experienced and successful? Do they have a good track record? Does the company have a feasible competitive advantage?
Technical analysis is a stock selection method that looks at past price data to predict future prices. This approach can help identify trends and make predictions, but it’s important to remember that past performance is no guarantee of future results.
You can use many different technical indicators, but some of the most popular include:
- Moving Averages
- Bollinger Bands
- Relative Strength Index (RSI)
- Stochastic Oscillator
Each indicator has its strengths and weaknesses, so it’s essential to understand how each works before using them.
You’ll want to look at a stock’s price chart when doing technical analysis. It will give you a sense of the stock’s past performance and help you identify trends. You can find price charts on the company’s website or through a financial data provider like Yahoo Finance.
It’s also important to consider the time frame. A longer time frame will give you a better idea of the stock’s overall trend, while a shorter time frame can help identify more immediate opportunities.
Risks of using technical and fundamental analysis when selecting stock
Over-reliance on one approach
If you only use fundamental analysis, you might miss out on stocks undervalued by the market. Similarly, if you only use technical analysis, you might miss out on stocks about to experience a significant price movement. It’s essential to use both methods when selecting stocks to get a more well-rounded picture. Even then, you need to understand that stock prices are unpredictable to a degree.
Not understanding the limitations
Both fundamental and technical analysis have their limitations. Fundamental analysis doesn’t give you an insight into future stock prices, and technical analysis can be unreliable in the short term. It’s important to acknowledge these limitations before making any investment decisions.
Not diversifying your portfolio
Even if you pick the perfect stock using fundamental and technical analysis, there’s no guarantee that it will perform well. That’s why it’s essential to diversify your portfolio by investing in various stocks, which will help reduce your overall risk and give you a better chance of success.
Technical analysis and fundamental analysis are both essential methods of stock selection. Neither is perfect, but they can be used together to help make better investment decisions.
When selecting stocks, it’s essential to consider a company’s financial statement, key indicators, business model, and management team. Technical analysis can also help identify trends and make predictions. Both methods can give you a well-rounded view of stock before making an investment decision.
Follow this link to start trading stocks today.